The Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan of Milan, approved by the city council at the end of 2018, contains the strategies and guidelines on the future of mobility in the Lombard capital. What prospects will citizens face in the coming years? What will be the role of four wheels in the Milan of the future? “We assume that it is necessary to contain private mobility as much as possible,” he explains Arianna Censi, councilor for mobility of the second administration led by Beppe Sala. “We are still about one car owned by every two inhabitants of Milan, too much to allow for lean and sustainable mobility in our city”. Shareable or not, these are the objectives of Palazzo Marino. At least for now.
Councilor, there has been much debate in recent months on the fact that governments and administrations must maintain an approach that is as neutral as possible with respect to the technologies introduced to contain emissions. In any case, does your goal remain to lead, in the short term, to the complete replacement of the car fleet with electrically-propelled vehicles in the urban fabric?
The issue of electric mobility is only part of the speech, which needs an overall look. The use of a private car must be discouraged through a series of services. A few weeks ago we nominated the Municipality of Milan in the Maas project, that is, the construction of a platform for citizens and businesses that brings together all the interlocutors, with a system that allows for the simplest, least expensive, fastest path. Individual and collective needs must be added together. In 2000, there were almost 60 cars for every 100 inhabitants. In 2020 the figure dropped to 50, still too many to be able to imagine the 15-minute city hypothesized at the beginning of the pandemic and which remains an idea still at the center of the debate.
How do you plan to intervene, to get to a city that is less congested and that at the same time does not penalize the motorist?
The issue is systemic and infrastructural. We cannot think of an electric transition without adequate infrastructures and without thinking of an integrated mobility system, in which the motorist can leave the car at the gates of the city and have an integrated network of vehicles available. vehicles, micro-mobility and electric rental vehicles. Without, for example, there is an intermodal hub for electric cars, which must be able to benefit from a good availability of recharging points.
We come to the crux of the matter: the charging points. What is the state of the art in Milan?
We have gone from 29 charging stations and 58 charging points in 2016 to 143 charging stations and 286 charging points in 2021. To these are added 314 charging points dedicated to quadricycles (these are sockets that are only suitable for these vehicles and not for cars) , part of which will be reconverted in 2022. Then there are already 81 charging stations for motor vehicles authorized in 2021 in the Services Conference and which will be built in 2022. The trend is constantly growing, also because the electric theme is, however, dominant and it is a transition consistent with what the World Health Organization is asking of us and which we are trying to respond to with the Air Climate Plan, under discussion these days.
On the subject of roads, another point of discussion concerns the enlargement of the zones to 30 per hour. What is the motivation behind reducing the speed limits?
In truth, many criticisms are linked to a speed limit considered excessive, when in fact we talk about raising the speed to 30 per hour, given that the average speed in Milan is 12 kilometers per hour, rather than lowering it from 50. At one lower speed the polluting factors, not only related to the combustion of engines, are in any case lower. It’s about making traffic more fluid and continuous. From this point of view, the Municipality is on the side of citizens, but also of businesses, which we want to support in experimenting with new forms of mobility.