Federmeccanica, the association representing the companies of Metalworking and Mechatronics, and the trade unions Fim, Fiom and Uilm join forces to ask the government and some specific ministries (Economy, Labor, Economic Development and Ecological Transition) for an urgent meeting aimed at discuss the initiatives needed to defend the automotive sector from the consequences of the changes underway and “safeguard and promote” employment and the industrial fabric. Their initiative, similar to that of other associations, is motivated by “the responsibility of jointly tackling an emergency that oscillates dangerously between great opportunities and serious risks”.
The problems of the car. The social partners first place emphasis on the importance of the automotive sector. Although production went from over 1.8 million vehicles in 1997 to 700,000 in 2021, the automotive industry maintains a significant weight in the Italian economy: a turnover of 93 billion euros, equal to 5.6% of GDP, over 2 thousand companies and 180 thousand workers in the manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers and 31 billion in exports, or 7% of metalworking exports. These values are put at risk by the stop on the sale of internal combustion engines, starting from 2035, proposed by the European Commission and also ratified by the government through the Cite. “This measure, if not accompanied by interventions, could lead to a loss of approximately 73,000 jobs in Italy, of which 63,000 in the period 2025-2030”, the social partners recall, also underlining that last year almost 60 million hours of layoffs compared to 26 million in 2019.
Urgent measures are needed. Federmeccanica and trade unions therefore criticize the lack of political responses to the demands of the sector, expressing fears “for the lack of certainty in the accompanying measures” to the transition within the PNRR and ask “what are the public policies implemented for the sector” also in light of the stop to incentives: “The risk of deindustrialisation of a key sector of the Italian economy is real. All the necessary defensive actions must be implemented and looking above all at the opportunity to relaunch and develop the automotive sector, since it not only has its own history, but also has a distinctive identity, a base of skills and a network to be put into a system “. Finally, the social partners ask once again to “discuss urgent initiatives together” on issues such as social safety nets, industrial policies, regulation, investments to support demand, supply and training.